Adaptogen – Primarily a metabolic regulator, an adaptogen lowers stress, normalizes bodily functions, and aids in recovery from injury and aging.
Alterative – Gradually restores normal bodily functions and health; purifies the blood.
Analgesic – Relieves pain.
Anthelmintic – Expels parasites and worms (which includes bacteria, yeast, and fungi).
Anti-arthritic – Reduces pain in the joints.
Anti-inflammatory – Reduces swelling and inflammation.
Anti-nauseous – Reduces nausea.
Antibacterial – Inhibits growth of or destroys bacterial organisms.
Antibiotic – Antibacterial, antifungal, etc.; inhibits growth of or destroys microorganisms.
Antiemetic – Reduces nausea and motion sickness.
Antipyretic – Dispels fire, fever, and heat; reduces temperature.
Antirheumatic – Reduces inflammation and pain in the joints, muscles, and fibrous tissues.
Antiseptic – Sterilizing
Antispasmodic – Reduces voluntary and involuntary muscular spasms.
Aphrodisiac – Reinvigorates the body and increases sexual arousal.
Astringent – Firms tissues and organs; reduces discharges and secretions in the body.
Bitter Tonic – Promotes digestion, regulates digestive fire.
Carminative – Relieves intestinal pain, gas, distention; promotes peristalsis (muscular contraction and relaxation).
Demulcent – Soothes, protects, and nurtures internal membranes.
Diaphoretic – Promotes elimination and perspiration.
Digestive – Enhances digestion.
Diuretic – Improves activity of bladder and kidneys; increases urination.
Emmenagogue – Promotes and regulates menstruation.
Expectorant – Dispels phlegm and mucus from lungs and throat.
Febrifuge – Fever reducer.
Nervine – May stimulate or sedate; strengthens the action of the nervous system.
Nutritive Tonic – Promotes weight and density of the body; nourishing.
Sedative – Calms and lowers functional activity.
Stimulant – Increases heat in the body; strengthens metabolism and circulation.
Vermicidal – Kills intestinal parasites.
Vulnerary – Promotes healing of wounds and protects against infection; stimulates cell growth.